When did Spain acquire Mexico?

When did Spain annex Mexico?

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New Spain Virreinato de la Nueva España
Historical era Colonial era
• Conquest of Mexico 1519–1521
• Kingdom created 1521
• Venezuela annexed to Kingdom of New Granada 27 May 1717

How did Spain gain control of Mexico?

Spain wanted the material aid and mineral wealth from the colony, and felt obligated to spread Christianity to the natives. … Spanish conquerors, led by Hernan Cortes, allied with Tlaxcalan tribes conquered the Aztecs. Therefore, Spaniards won, and since that day, Mexico became a colony of Spain.

How did Spain take over Mexico?

1495-1525), resisted fiercely but were finally defeated in late 1521. Cortés razed Tenochtitlan, building his own capital over its ruins, and proclaimed the Aztec Empire to be New Spain. Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army led by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) conquered Mexico from the Aztecs.

Was Mexico a colony of Spain?

While Mexico remained a colony, rulers that governed Mexico came from mainland Spain. However, both native Mexicans and Creoles (people of Spanish descent born in Mexico) were unhappy with this system. They wanted to govern the country themselves.

When did Spanish leave Mexico?

The mainland of New Spain was organized as the Mexican Empire. This ephemeral Catholic monarchy was overthrown and a federal republic declared in 1823 and codified in the Constitution of 1824.

Mexican War of Independence.

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Date 16 September 1810 – 27 September 1821 (11 years, 1 week and 4 days)
Location Mexico

How did Mexico gain independence from Spain in 1821?

The Mexican War of Independence began on September 16, 1810, when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared independence in the town of Dolores. … In 1821, Spanish soldier Agustín de Iturbide decamped and joined the Mexican movement. He led troops in capturing Mexico City and declared it independent.