Who ruled Mexico after it won its independence?
Eleven years after the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O’Donojú signs the Treaty of Córdoba, which approves a plan to make Mexico an independent constitutional monarchy.
Who once ruled Mexico?
For 300 years, Mexico, then known as New Spain, was ruled as a Spanish colony. The colony’s wealth lay in its silver mines and agriculture.
Why did Spain leave Mexico?
By the 19th century many Mexicans wanted to separate from Spain and create a sovereign government that would act on behalf of their own interests much like the movement for American independence from British rule in the late 18th century. The desire for independence from Spanish rule first formally emerged in 1810.
What happened after the Mexican Revolution?
The Mexican Revolution sparked the Constitution of 1917 which provided for separation of Church and state, government ownership of the subsoil, holding of land by communal groups, the right of labor to organize and strike and many other aspirations.
Who first colonized Mexico?
Spanish conquerors, led by Hernan Cortes, allied with Tlaxcalan tribes conquered the Aztecs. Therefore, Spaniards won, and since that day, Mexico became a colony of Spain.
Why did Mexico want to gain independence from Spain?
In 1820, liberals took power in Spain, and the new government promised reforms to appease the Mexican revolutionaries. In response, Mexican conservatives called for independence as a means of maintaining their privileged position in Mexican society.
How did Mexico get independence from Spain?
The Mexican War of Independence began on September 16, 1810, when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla declared independence in the town of Dolores. … In 1821, Spanish soldier Agustín de Iturbide decamped and joined the Mexican movement. He led troops in capturing Mexico City and declared it independent.